What is Organic Farming? characteristics

Organic Farming – What is Organic Farming | Features | Biological solutions in organic farming (sendriya / organic farming information in Marathi)>> Organic farming is an integrated farming system that understands living ecosystems and life cycles and avoids the use of chemicals.

What is Organic Farming? (What is Organic Farming) >> Organic farming is the farming which is done without using any chemical fertilizers or chemicals while using natural resources such as green manure, left over from the farm after harvesting, chicken manure, cow urine etc.

In earlier times only dung was mainly used in agriculture, and the seeds required for agriculture were used unprocessed. Therefore, the quality of the crop in traditional agriculture was excellent compared to today’s modern agriculture. And in the present time, farming is started with tractors. Also, chemical fertilizers and medicines have started to be used on a large scale. The result of all this is that the land has become barren and hard.

Complete information about organic farming How to do organic farming | Organic Farming Analysis (sendriya / organic farming information in Marathi)

According to organic farming method, use of conventional seeds, arrangement of farm embankments to stop soil erosion, use of dung, cow urine and heavy use of lendi shit. By doing these things, water is retained throughout the field, and the retention of water results in better tillage by ploughing. Nowadays, these cattle are seen in very small quantity in the village. In our childhood days of planting, every household had at least 2 ploughs, but nowadays this picture is becoming rare.

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Presently, plows and cattle can be seen in only a handful of houses in our village. All other houses now show tractors. Man is getting lazy as he has become habituated to work quickly in modern times. Otherwise where in earlier times there was blood pressure, sugar now every household has someone who has blood pressure or sugar. The reason for this is to some extent chemical fertilizers and medicines. Due to increased use of chemical fertilizers, soil quality has decreased. And the solution to all this is that organic farming is the need of the hour.

So let’s know some important information about organic farming.

Characteristics of organic farming / Objectives of Organic Farming / Organic Farming Project Procedures (Characteristics of Organic Farming)

  • Improves soil texture thereby helping to maintain soil health.
  • Using organic matter or ingredients without using pesticides, chemicals, etc. to maintain the natural balance.
  • Organic farming can save the cost of chemical fertilizers and medicines. And the result is that agriculture is financially affordable to the common farmer as well.
  • Organic farming i.e. eating food from organic farming improves human health / physical well-being, and thus helps in raising the standard of human life.
  • Organic farming leads to better financial management of the farm due to increase in economic income and reduction in cost of crops.
  • Traditional methods are used in organic farming. Also domestic animals are mainly used. This also reduces the cost of working with other implements or machines.

Biological Remedies (Organic Manure) in Organic Farming

Many farmers want to do organic farming, but such farmers suffer from various crop diseases and pests and hence they turn to chemical farming. It is necessary for all such farmer brothers to know the biological solutions in organic farming.

Neem

Many plants are insecticidal, among which neem is considered to be the most effective in killing pests. Application of neem extract is an important factor in pest control. So you can spray neem extract on crops as an insecticide.

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cow urine

Along with Kadu Nimba, you can also use indigenous cow urine as an insecticide. If you find an infested crop or a worm-like insect, spraying it with cow urine mixed with water helps to kill the insect. Generally cow urine should be mixed with water in a ratio of 1:2 and sprayed.

Principles of health

The main aim of organic farming is to improve the health of air, soil, grain plants, animals, birds, human beings and the natural cycle. By adopting organic farming and eating organically grown fruits and vegetables and grains, the immune system of a person can be increased and the health of a person can be better.

Best fertilizer for organic farming

While doing organic farming, you can make a good fertilizer for better crop growth and soil quality, you can take about 15 kg of indigenous cow dung in a small drum or pot, add 3 kg of organic jaggery, about 5 liters of indigenous cow urine. , neem leaves and some soil from under the banyan tree mix well while mixing add water as needed and keep this mixture covered. Keep this mixture in a shady place for about 15 days and stir the mixture with a stick every day. After 15 days, release this mixture from the water while watering your crop.

As above it is enough for one acre area, if you want to use it for more area then you should increase it. After 15 days when you release it from the water in the field, you will see some worms forming in it. These worms make your farm fertile and the crop also flourishes.

environmental factor

Organic farming should follow and conform to the life cycle of nature. It must be holding life. As a result there will be no pollution and no degradation of the environment.

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Sikkim’s boom in organic farming – A good example of how to do organic farming

While there is an outcry all over the world about the degradation of the natural environment, a small state like Sikkim has taken a revolutionary step of only organic farming in the entire state, keeping a close eye on this issue. Sikkim is the first state in the country to have 100% organic farming. Restrictions on the use of any kind of chemical fertilizers, drugs, pesticides, traditional farming methods, minimal use of external factors are the characteristics of this organic farming. An economy based on the motto of “Nature Culture and Adventure” has laid many rules for organic farming. Various efforts have been made to achieve this objective of organic farming in Sikkim such as public awareness and action programs related to organic farming and proper implementation of all these.

Summary – Importance of organic farming projects

Organic farming is a way of life. It is not just a concept to increase the yield of crops. Just like food is a thought. Sattvic diet leads to family, physical, mental, moral development of human beings. This has increased the importance of organic farming in today’s modern and competitive era. Apart from this, global temperature Organic farming is the only solution to problems like growth, environmental pollution and food security.

How to do organic farming?

Organic farming is the farming which is done without using any chemical fertilizers or chemicals while using natural resources such as green manure, left over from the farm after harvesting, chicken manure, cow urine etc. Organic farming should follow and conform to the life cycle of nature.

  • In order to maintain the natural balance, organic farming should be done without the use of pesticides, chemicals, etc.

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